Kashghai

Fars region, southern Iran, has some of the most vibrant pieces namely Shiraz and Kashghai, although Shiraz was never a weaving village, there were still many carpets made here with a quality lower than the Kashghai with bigger, looser and less defined in design. Kashghai was more renowned because of their Turkic tradition as they made many contributions to their historical Fars regions.

Kashghai on the other hand made some miracle carpets with wool on wool with rich hues of reds and blues, although they were not highly fine in knots some of the earlier pieces were made for the tribal heads and their quality was exceptional and since many were picked up by collectors once they were being sold in the bazaar of Teheran for premium prices that would even beat a fine city carpet like Nains, Isfahans etc.

Kashghai came in many varied designs, the hexagonal medallion in the centre and four in the inner border were the most popularly seen with traders, the centre of the carpet would have a couple of trees going end to end in a stylized manner with their branches outward and at times you would also see animals like mouse, goats, deer, peacocks very finely woven into the design like a scene from a garden. Also popular were the Lion heads that were shown in the four corners, showing strength and power of the country as Lions were symbolic in Iran to be good leaders with a solid head on their shoulders. Also to be found were the tree of life design specifically known as Kashguli which have today become rarity. Kashguli were one directional like a prayer rug with a whole tree going from end to end and the flowers were in blossom, full and open with a strong knotting made with woolen base and feeling the ridges at the back they were packed tight and of utmost high quality.

The main colors of the Kashghai carpets are rich reds, blues and the ever so warming saffron tending towards warm orange as it ages with time and yellow, bits of olive green are also seen since they have trees and branches in the design. Another color brown from the bark of the trees will at times over the years eat into the wool and makes it look etched, because of the composition of the bark it erodes the wool. Many carpets are made this way and are not in any way less valuable. At times you will find a mixture of wool in the fringes which is blending few types of sheeps wool available hence giving it a lovely salt and pepper look and also at times camel or horse hair is used to strengthen the base.

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